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During peacetime, each state National Guard answers to leadership in the 50 states, three territories and the District of Columbia. During national emergencies, however, the President reserves the right to mobilize the National Guard, putting them in federal duty status.
While federalized, the units answer to the Combatant Commander of the theater in which they are operating and, ultimately, to the President.
Even when not federalized, the Army and Air National Guard have a federal obligation (or mission.) That mission is to maintain properly trained and equipped units, available for prompt mobilization for war, national emergency, or as otherwise needed.
The National Guard is a partner with the Active Army, Air Force and other DoD branches in fulfilling the country's military needs.
Since 9/11, the WV National Guard has deployed over 12,000 Soldiers and Airmen in support of overseas global missions.